URBAN ISSUES AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Charcoal: a green fuel?

Charcoal: a green fuel?

Blistered faggots of wood bagged on trucks and bike racks, smouldering domes of earth, wood and corrugated iron, branches arranged like pyres of elephant tusks: this is the charcoal economy which dominates rural Africa. 80% of sub-Saharan Africans rely on fuelwoods for their cooking, and […]

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Is Fair Trade flawed and unethical? Part 2

Is Fair Trade flawed and unethical? Part 2

In Part 1 of this two-part series, we looked at the debate around the Fair Trade (FT) price floor, the FT premium, credit access, and overall income trends. We found that FT overstates, to quite a large degree, the efficacy of these measures by looking […]

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Is Fair Trade flawed and unethical? Part 1

Is Fair Trade flawed and unethical? Part 1

“Our mission is to connect disadvantaged producers and consumers, promote fairer trading conditions and empower producers to combat poverty, strengthen their position and take more control over their lives.” [1] This is the mission statement of Fairtrade, flagship of the Fair Trade movement which inspires […]

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How do you develop a slum?

How do you develop a slum?

How do you develop a slum? In some places, such as Beijing, slums have been bulldozed, with allegations of human rights abuses. In others, children still play around open sewage. In others still, slum residents now can travel by cable car. This GeoIssues report investigates […]

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Particulate matter: deadly but invisible

Particulate matter: deadly but invisible

Air pollution is often thought of as a gas hanging above our cities, but the most dangerous parts of it are particular matter (PM): ash, dust, chemical salts, thought to cause 7 million premature deaths a year. 92% of the world’s population, according to the […]

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